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How To Reduce The Risks Of Miscarriage

It is rarely the couple’s fault if a miscarriage happens. About 15% of pregnancies suffer miscarriage, and the causes cannot be ascertained. There are three main factors to watch that can contribute to the risk of a miscarriage: lifestyle, diet, and the health condition of the mother.

One’s lifestyle must change once pregnancy is confirmed:

  1. There is evidence that suggests smoking and even secondhand smoke increases the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
  2. A study by the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology showed that a consumption of 200 milligrams or more of caffeine per day (about two cups of regular coffee or 60 oz of caffeinated soda) doubles the risk of miscarriage.
  3. Alcohol has been found to interfere with the developmental process of the fetus. Consuming alcohol during pregnancy can cause “fetal alcohol syndrome,” wherein mental and physical defects of the baby are traced to alcohol consumption.
  4. Exercise, as well as other physical activities, must be moderated. Avoid exercises that will strain your abdomen.
  5. Too much stress, mental and emotional, has been indirectly linked to miscarriage.

A healthy diet contributes to the proper development of the fetus as well as the physical capability of the mother to sustain life inside her.

  1. High consumption of partially hydrogenated fats, such as margarine and lard, has been found to interfere with normal body function, potentially contributing to miscarriage risks.
  2. There is a direct correlation between miscarriage and food poisoning. Reduce your risk of food poisoning. The most common bacteria are Listeria, Salmonella, Toxoplasma, and E. coli. Listeria, in particular, has been known to cause stillbirths.

Foods to avoid as they may harbor any of these bacteria:

  • Pasteurized milk and cheeses
  • Imported soft cheeses, like Brie, Gorgonzola, Feta, and Roquefort
  • Deli Meats
  • Refrigerated, smoked seafood eaten on its own
  • Refrigerated pate or meat spreads
  • Undercooked chicken, turkey, or eggs harbor salmonella
  • E. coli are present in unwashed fruits and vegetables and dirty water

 

  1. Eating whole grains, fruits, and vegetables lowers the risk of pregnancy complications. Supplements such as folic acid, vitamin E, and iron support the development of the fetus.

More than avoidance, focus on eating healthy and enough. Eat sugar in moderation to avoid developing complications like diabetes.

 

The mother’s health condition before pregnancy is a major consideration.

  1. Diabetes presents many risks to pregnant women: hypertension, polyhydramnios (too much amniotic fluid), and vascular diseases that may result in miscarriage.
  2. “Chemical pregnancies,” or what is mistaken for false pregnancies, are actually miscarriages at a very early period. Pregnancies confirmed outside of the lab (e.g., EPT) at a very early stage, after which a woman starts to bleed, is called a chemical pregnancy.
  3. Thyroid problems, heart disease, and sexually transmitted diseases are all risk factors for miscarriage. Prenatal check-ups will help address unknown health issues that can put the pregnancy at risk.

How To Reduce The Risks Of Miscarriage

It is rarely the couple’s fault if a miscarriage happens. About 15% of pregnancies suffer miscarriage, and the causes cannot be ascertained. There are three main factors to watch that can contribute to the risk of a miscarriage: lifestyle, diet, and the health condition of the mother.

One’s lifestyle must change once pregnancy is confirmed:

  1. There is evidence that suggests smoking and even secondhand smoke increases the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
  2. A study by the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology showed that a consumption of 200 milligrams or more of caffeine per day (about two cups of regular coffee or 60 oz of caffeinated soda) doubles the risk of miscarriage.
  3. Alcohol has been found to interfere with the developmental process of the fetus. Consuming alcohol during pregnancy can cause “fetal alcohol syndrome,” wherein mental and physical defects of the baby are traced to alcohol consumption.
  4. Exercise, as well as other physical activities, must be moderated. Avoid exercises that will strain your abdomen.
  5. Too much stress, mental and emotional, has been indirectly linked to miscarriage.

A healthy diet contributes to the proper development of the fetus as well as the physical capability of the mother to sustain life inside her.

  1. High consumption of partially hydrogenated fats, such as margarine and lard, has been found to interfere with normal body function, potentially contributing to miscarriage risks.
  2. There is a direct correlation between miscarriage and food poisoning. Reduce your risk of food poisoning. The most common bacteria are Listeria, Salmonella, Toxoplasma, and E. coli. Listeria, in particular, has been known to cause stillbirths.

Foods to avoid as they may harbor any of these bacteria:

  • Pasteurized milk and cheeses
  • Imported soft cheeses, like Brie, Gorgonzola, Feta, and Roquefort
  • Deli Meats
  • Refrigerated, smoked seafood eaten on its own
  • Refrigerated pate or meat spreads
  • Undercooked chicken, turkey, or eggs harbor salmonella
  • E. coli are present in unwashed fruits and vegetables and dirty water

 

  1. Eating whole grains, fruits, and vegetables lowers the risk of pregnancy complications. Supplements such as folic acid, vitamin E, and iron support the development of the fetus.

More than avoidance, focus on eating healthy and enough. Eat sugar in moderation to avoid developing complications like diabetes.

 

The mother’s health condition before pregnancy is a major consideration.

  1. Diabetes presents many risks to pregnant women: hypertension, polyhydramnios (too much amniotic fluid), and vascular diseases that may result in miscarriage.
  2. “Chemical pregnancies,” or what is mistaken for false pregnancies, are actually miscarriages at a very early period. Pregnancies confirmed outside of the lab (e.g., EPT) at a very early stage, after which a woman starts to bleed, is called a chemical pregnancy.
  3. Thyroid problems, heart disease, and sexually transmitted diseases are all risk factors for miscarriage. Prenatal check-ups will help address unknown health issues that can put the pregnancy at risk.

About Dr. Gia Pastorfide

Dr. Gia C. Pastofide obtained her pre-medical degree in BS Psychology from the University of the Philippines – Diliman, where she graduated magna cum laude.

She had her residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at UP-PGH, her fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility with a focus on In Vitro Fertilization and Minimally Invasive Surgery at the National University Hospital in Singapore, her fellowship in Reproductive Medicine at The University of Tokyo Hospital, and her Masters in Reproductive Medicine and Clinical Embryology at The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Presently, Dr. Gia is the Medical Director of Victory ART Laboratory, a clinical associate professor at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at UP-PGH, and an active consultant at Makati Medical Center and Cardinal Santos Medical Center.

About Dr. Gia Pastorfide

Dr. Gia C. Pastofide obtained her pre-medical degree in BS Psychology from the University of the Philippines – Diliman, where she graduated magna cum laude.

She had her residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at UP-PGH, her fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility with a focus on In Vitro Fertilization and Minimally Invasive Surgery at the National University Hospital in Singapore, her fellowship in Reproductive Medicine at The University of Tokyo Hospital, and her Masters in Reproductive Medicine and Clinical Embryology at The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Presently, Dr. Gia is the Medical Director of Victory ART Laboratory, a clinical associate professor at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at UP-PGH, and an active consultant at Makati Medical Center and Cardinal Santos Medical Center.