How Diabetes can Affect Infertility

Infertility is the inability to become pregnant after trying for 12 months. It is a common problem that can involve the male, female or both. Around one third of cases are caused by females and another one third caused by males. The rest are caused by a mixture of female and male problems or possibly unknown factors.

Causes of male infertility may be the following:

  1. Abnormal Sperm Production or Function
  2. Problems with the Delivery of Sperm
  3. Overexposure to Certain Environmental Factors (Such as pesticides, radiation, frequent exposure to heat)
  4. Damage Related to Cancer

Most likely to cause female infertility are:

  1. Ovulation Disorders
  2. Uterine or Cervical Abnormalities
  3. Fallopian Tube or Blockage
  4. Primary Ovarian Insufficiency or Menopause
  5. Endometriosis is when tissue implants grow outside of the uterus affecting its function, and
  6. Type 2 Diabetes


In the case of Type 2 diabetes, the condition complicates a woman’s ovulation and also makes her menstrual cycle very unpredictable. In turn, this affects the schedule of a woman and makes conceiving more difficult.
But what is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is when your body is unable to process insulin that is produced by your pancreas. Because of this, sugar cannot be absorbed into the body’s cells, causing their inability to function properly. This could cause damages to the body like the eyes and the kidneys, dehydration due to the increased frequency in urination, or in the case of women, infertility.

This is generally caused by unhealthy cholesterol or high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure and genetics.
Apart from affecting the menstrual cycle of a woman, Type 2 Diabetes has also been shown to cause a hormonal imbalance in women creating multiple cysts on her ovaries. This is called polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS.

This can also cause a woman to miss her period, and produce immature eggs. To address this condition, various medications may be prescribed to lessen or reverse the effects of PCOS. One type of medicine is called Metformin, which was initially prescribed for diabetes, but has also been found to be effective in treating PCOS.

Type 2 Diabetes can also be addressed in other ways like:

  • Eating Healthy Food
  • Proper Exercise
  • Healthy Weight Loss
  • Close Monitoring of Blood Sugar Levels
  • Taking Vitamin Supplements

If the efforts above do not work to increase fertility, a doctor may prescribe medication like metformin (as mentioned above), clomiphene citrate and letrozole.

With proper care, attention and guidance vast majority of diabetics can have healthy children. For more information on diabetes and infertility, don’t hesitate to Contact us or email us at