How Men Must Prepare for IVF

Men and women have some consistent differences when it comes to dealing with their problems, and infertility is no exception. While women tend to be supportive and open about discussing the challenges they face with infertility, men are less expressive, and sometimes uninvolved in what their female partners are going through. For many experts, such a lack of communication is not uncommon, since traditionally, assistive reproductive therapies are focused more on women than on men. It is imperative for men in relationships who are dealing with infertility to have ownership of not only the problem, but also the process by Continue reading →

What Is In Vitro Maturation?

In-vitro maturation (IVM) is an assisted reproductive technique in which a woman’s ovarian follicles are removed from the ovaries and mature in the laboratory prior to in-vitro fertilization. The difference between IVM and conventional IVF lies in the relative immaturity of the follicle as compared to the oocyte. Folliculogenesis begins with the primordial follicle, which undergoes stages of development from primary, secondary, early tertiary (antral), late tertiary, and preovulatory. In-vitro maturation can be performed on follicles that have at least achieved the early tertiary stage of development. Younger follicles are more susceptible to changes in their surrounding environments, thus early-stage Continue reading →

Factors Associated with Embryo Transfer Success

In-vitro fertilization is a process whose success depends on several factors and characteristics that contribute to an environment that can make or break a couple’s chances at having a baby. While there have been numerous studies on improving stimulation of hormones, the current medical literature is not as comprehensive on the aspects of oocyte collection and embryo transfer. The procedure for oocyte collection has remained relatively unchanged in the past several years, and harvest rates remain relatively high. Other studies have examined implantation of embryos as dependent on the condition of the receiving endometrium. However, the subject of embryo transfer Continue reading →

How to prevent multiple pregnancies after IVF

In-vitro fertilization has often been the mainstay solution for dealing with infertility, however it has also been cited as being responsible for an unusual side effect: multiple pregnancies. Twins, triplets, and even higher order multiples have been reported in women who have no family history of multiple births. Although the prospect of twins and triplets is often thought of as an appealing scenario for many couples facing infertility, the medical issues and consequences affecting both mother and infant cannot be ignored. Multiple pregnancies are more likely to result in difficult consequences, such as low birth weight as well as preterm Continue reading →

Why You Would Need a Hysterosalpingogram

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a diagnostic imaging procedure used to examine the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes. The examination utilizes ionizing x-rays to visualize the inner surface of the uterine cavity for any problems, as well as the patency of the fallopian tubes. Any blockage of the fallopian tubes would be easily appreciated via HSG, making this diagnostic modality highly valuable when evaluating a female patient for infertility secondary to reproductive tract abnormalities. Women who have no known comorbidities such as pelvic inflammatory disease, previous ectopic pregnancy, or endometriosis are good candidates for hysterosalpingography, since the exam is a reliable way Continue reading →

How Sperm Assessments Are Done

Semen analysis is the assessment of the characteristics of a man’s semen and the sperm it carries. This examination is performed as part of the process to evaluate the man’s fertility, and is widely considered the most important diagnostic tool to investigate male problems with reproduction. A semen analysis is commonly done for three reasons: to investigate infertility, to verify that a vasectomy was successful, and to test human donors for sperm donation. Thus, the most common parameters measured in this examination include sperm count, motility, morphology, and volume. Fructose level as well as pH are also commonly measured and Continue reading →

Epigenetics and its relation to IVF

In the field of genetics, the topic of epigenetics examines the changes in gene expression caused by mechanisms above and beyond the changes found in the DNA structure itself. Some of these changes are heritable. In other words, modifications to the genome in form and function occur without the DNA sequence having been altered. Instead, the modification of histones and methylation of the DNA occur, resulting in changes in gene expression, phenotypic form and function. One of the fundamental principles of nuclear transfer cloning is that the cell responds to certain conditions provided by the environment in which it is Continue reading →

How many times can you do IVF?

For couples undergoing in-vitro fertilization, the whole process can take a heavy emotional, physical and financial toll on both partners. Thus, it is very important that they approach IVF under the best circumstances: that they be educated, financially prepared, in good health, and with the appropriate mindset. Couples must realize that multiple attempts are the norm when it comes to assisted reproductive technologies. Philippines birth rates after IVF reflect similar success as the rest of the world: a full term, healthy singleton birth at the end of one IVF cycle is a lucky and rare occurrence. If the couple can Continue reading →

How to Support the Infertile Man

Couples who have to cope with infertility often have an uphill battle to climb, and coping is a very difficult task. They have to face many questions they can’t answer on their own, let alone understand, since infertility is an issue with many variables. Infertility in the Philippines may be especially challenging to handle, with such a heavy cultural emphasis on building a family as an important facet of life. Infertility is not something that can just go away or be cured by hard work. It requires medical diagnosis and treatment by a physician trained in assisted reproductive technology, as Continue reading →