Tests for Diagnosis of Female Infertility

For couples struggling to conceive, it raises the question of whether either partner has a problem with fertility. There are several fertility tests available to both partners to help screen and diagnose the problem. Here are a few fertility tests that your doctor may use to evaluate your condition. Ovulation testing: This is a common test for infertility that is readily available, is non-invasive, and uses a kit that you can buy over the counter. It checks for luteinizing hormone, and you can perform this test at home to detect the LH surge. Your doctor can also order a blood Continue reading →

Tests for Diagnosis of Male Infertility

For couples faced with infertility, the female partner is often suspected of having a fertility problem. However, her male partner may also have a fertility issue that needs to be addressed. The tests for diagnosing male infertility begin with a general physical exam and medical history. This includes a genital examination as well as questions about family medical history, chronic diseases, injuries, or previous surgeries. Also, the physician will ask about the man’s complete sexual history, practices, as well as development. The doctor may also order a semen analysis. Once collected, the semen is sent to a laboratory to determine Continue reading →

Differences between IUI IVF and ICSI

Medical procedures, whether they are clinical, diagnostic, or therapeutic, often have long names that are often difficult to pronounce and remember. Assistive reproductive therapy is no different, and the modalities may be very different despite having similar sounding names. IUI, ICSI, and IVF are among the most common acronyms mentioned between professionals in the field of assistive reproductive therapy as well as between these doctors and their patients. Generally speaking, these are all methods of fertilization, and respectively, these stand for intrauterine insemination, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and in-vitro fertilization. These artificial insemination techniques are all available at fertility clinics all Continue reading →

Benefits of Cryopreservation

Cryopreservation is a fertility therapy in which a woman’s oocytes are extracted, frozen, and stored for the future. Later, the oocytes can be thawed, fertilized via in vitro fertilization, and later transferred back to the woman’s uterus as embryos or blastocysts to complete their development into a fetus. Cryopreservation has also been applied to later stages, such as in the development of a fertilized oocyte. Several advances in technology allowing for the freezing of embryos and blastocysts have made this possible. The freezing of sperm from a male partner, or his testicular tissue, can also be done in cases where Continue reading →

Do's and Don't after IUI

Intrauterine insemination is a common procedure assistive reproductive therapy that is used to facilitate conception in couples having difficulty getting pregnant. By far, this is the artificial insemination method used most often, as compared to intracervical insemination, intratubal insemination, and intrafollicular insemination. By passing a catheter through the cervix, sperm are introduced into the uterus. The procedure is both very brief as well as relatively painless. In the Philippines, IUI is quite common. After the procedure, you may have several questions about what you can and cannot do. Just in case your doctor doesn’t cover everything, here is a brief Continue reading →

Facts about IUI Side Effects: What You Need to Know

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a common assistive reproductive therapy modality that is used to facilitate pregnancy. In the Philippines, IUI is a popular means of insemination performed when attempts using natural methods do not yield successful results. As with any medical procedure, there may be associated side effects with this form of treatment. Many women experience slight pain during the procedure, and some may even experience mild cramping. However, as compared to other forms of therapy, the procedure is relatively painless, and more serious side effects, such as severe pain, iatrogenic injury and infections are quite rare. When side effects Continue reading →

Antisperm Antibodies and How They Affect IVF Treatment

Antisperm antibodies are present in 7-10% of men with fertility problems, and can cause for them a significant reduction in fertility. While this does not necessarily mean an absolute prevention of conception, the likelihood of the occurrence of pregnancy has an inverse relationship with the concentration of antibodies. At levels above 40%, natural conception is highly unlikely to occur. Direct contact between a man’s blood and sperm is prevented by the blood/testis barrier in the testes. This barrier is composed of Sertoli cells, which lie closely to each other and form tight junctions that protect developing sperm cells from being Continue reading →

Calculating IVF Risks in Advance

Among the many couples who want to become parents, a percentage of them seek assistive reproductive technologies to make their dreams of parenthood a reality. And among those would-be parents, there are some for whom in-vitro fertilization comes with a greater risk. Centers that provide assistive reproductive technologies for struggling couples also have the means to detect congenital disorders. Although many of these abnormalities cannot be avoided, let alone predicted, the number of diagnosable conditions is growing. This technology is available n the local setting. The goal is simple: to make IVF successful in the Philippines. For affected couples, the Continue reading →

Effects of Smoking on IVF

Smoking has been conclusively identified and documented as detrimental to pregnant women. It comes as no surprise that women seeking to achieve pregnancy through in-vitro fertilization are also similarly affected. Since smoking has already been linked to an increased incidence of premature ovarian failure as well as early menopause, ovarian function in IVF cycles performed on smoking women has fallen under heavy scrutiny. According to several studies, women undergoing IVF treatment are less successful if they smoke during the course of treatment. These studies have demonstrated that the smoking adversely affects a woman’s reproductive system, causing the organs to age Continue reading →

Hormone Therapy to Aid in IVF

Some couples struggle to conceive, and hormone therapy is sometimes necessary especially after a long period of failed attempts at having a baby. Given the advantages that hormone therapy can provide, this is a relatively common and preferable treatment option, even in the Philippine setting. The medicine used to treat infertility is contingent on the phase of infertility treatment cycle a patient is undergoing. The treatments applied for patients undergoing ovulation induction are different from what is appropriate for those undergoing assistive reproductive technology. During the first thirteen days of the menstrual cycle, women are in the follicular phase. At Continue reading →