Couples who had a difficult time conceiving a child because of age, few undeveloped eggs, low sperm count, or barren fallopian tubes can now bear children via in-vitro fertilization. When the fertilization process is done, the resulting offspring is considered a test tube baby.


IVF: What You Need To Know

The natural process of making a baby begins when an ovum separates from the ovaries of the woman, and travels down the fallopian tube. Once the egg and sperm meet, fertilization occurs. The fertilized egg will journey to the wall of the uterus and split into cells. Conception will not occur if the fallopian tubes are blocked since that is the only way for the eggs to get anywhere.

In-vitro fertilization was invented by Dr. Robert Edwards and Dr. Patrick Steptoe in the United Kingdom. It involves collecting eggs from the female ovaries and putting them together with male sperm in a controlled laboratory. When the egg is fertilized, it is injected in the uterus following 3 to 5 days to allow the natural growth procedure. This method may still fail though, which is why a few fertilized eggs are inserted in the uterus for a higher success rate.

Based on statistical data, 24 percent of test tube baby births have formed twins and the multiple birth rates have gone up. On July 25, 1978, Louise Brown was, and made history as the original test tube baby. While there were infertile couples who found their ray of hope of finally conceiving a child, skepticism remains an issue in the reproductive health industry.

One concern is the possible health ailments that may result from in-vitro fertilization.  But thanks to advancements in medical technology, the risks of undergoing the process are greatly reduced. Recent scientific discoveries also offer doctors new insights on the best practices when it comes to IVF procedures.

Making A Decision

For many years, IVF has helped thousands of families worldwide realize their dreams of having children. However, the process can be long and tedious. If you are planning on undergoing the procedure, you have to prepare yourself both physically and mentally. Do your research. Be sure to consult with your OB-Gyne or a professional IVF doctor as well to help you better understand the process, and make an informed decision.